In Europe, until the mid 1700’s, few unions were sanctified in a church or synagogue. Rather, they were celebrated by a simple hand fasting ceremony in which the two partners joined hands over the village anvil, in the fields or in the groves of trees. Today, we build upon this tradition. The couple links hands, to form an infinity circle, symbolizing the entirety of the universe as represented in their relationship. The minister then lays cords upon the hands and with each cord the couple repeats their wedding vows.